Crime Frameworks list

The Crime Frameworks enable effective collection, organisation, sharing and application of knowledge in crime prevention, security and community safety, making these activities more systematic, rigorous and efficient.

This page lists the Crime Frameworks presented on other pages of this website, and then briefly discusses how they relate to the key issues of understanding causes of criminal events, and envisioning interventions. Finally, a connection is made to approaches based on risk and protective factors.

To see why better Crime Frameworks are needed, see here.

Crime Framework
Terms, definitions & conceptsBuilding blocks for all the Crime Frameworks – systematic, consistent, in-depth suite of terms, definitions and concepts for crime prevention and security.
5IsA process model for doing crime prevention which is a more detailed equivalent of SARA; and a knowledge-management framework for capturing, assessing, synthesising, transferring and replicating good practice in crime prevention.
CLAIMEDA methodology for mobilising individuals and organisations to take responsibility/ assume a particular role for implementing and supporting security action – comes under the Involvement task stream in 5Is.
Crime Role GridTabulates crime roles x civil roles (e.g. offender x householder) to aid the targeting of offenders, involvement of crime preventers and blocking of crime promoters in complex crimes.
Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity and Conjunction of Terrorist OpportunityIntegrated, one-stop-shop framework of immediate causes of criminal events, and principles of intervention to block them, to aid analysis of crime problems and generation of theoretically-plausible interventions. Equivalent to Problem Analysis Triangle, but more detailed/extensive. The terrorist version is adapted to handle terrorism events.
DsHow security interventions work by influencing the offender, offering a fresh perspective for generating and evaluating action.
DisruptionDiverse ways of adversely influencing groups/ networks of organised criminals/ terrorists – going beyond the customary superficial use of the term to stimulate better thought-through interventions.
Co-Eco-Devo-EvoInteractions between offenders and security on a range of timeframes, from here-and-now, to learning/resource acquisition, to arms races, to facilitate better tactical and strategic planning of intervention.
Misdeeds & SecurityHow offenders may exploit or harm things and people in their environment, and how security can respond. An aid to forecasting which maps out the generic types of crime risk that may be associated with a particular kind of new technology or design of product, place, procedure or system; and the counterpart opportunities for prevention.
Security Function and Vibrant-Secure FunctionSystematic way of specifying security requirements for new designs, or describing security-related aspects of existing designs – purpose, security niche, mechanism, technicality. The vibrant version combines what we want more of with what we want less of.

Causes and interventions

The coverage of causes and interventions by the Crime Frameworks is diverse.

Risk and Protective Factors

From a practical point of view, Risk and Protective Factors are functionally-equivalent to causes, discussed above. Both these factors, and causes, are to be reduced through crime prevention, security or community safety interventions, with the ultimate aim of reducing the risk of crime.