How does 5Is relate to SARA, POP, PAT & CPTED?

  • How the 5Is, SARA and Problem-Oriented Policing are related
  • The relationship between the 5Is and the Problem Analysis Triangle
  • How the 5Is relates to other process models including those within CPTED and the wider field of design

5Is, SARA and Problem-Oriented Policing

How are 5Is and SARA related?

The steps of SARA – Scanning, Analysis, Response and Assessment – map quite closely onto the counterpart 5Is task streams of Intelligence, Intervention, Implementation, Involvement and Impact, as the diagram below shows:

Another difference is the division of the amorphous Response stage of SARA into three distinct task streams within 5Is. This enables a far more nuanced characterisation of the different kinds of action needed to make crime prevention work on the ground, whether as an entirely new project or a replication of a success story intelligently-adapted to a new problem and context.

This diagram shows how the hierarchical structure of 5Is can accommodate and organise more detail:

Are 5Is and SARA compatible?

Any know-how knowledge captured in a project description or a process guide based on SARA can readily be assimilated within the 5Is equivalents. However, attempting to do so in the reverse direction would be unproductive, because the structural organisation of the 5Is tasks and subtasks would be lost. The knowledge would either have to be listed in a jumbled heap of details or under a set of bespoke headings devised for each and every case, which would be inefficient and lose out on the advantages of 5Is, described next.

Advantages of 5Is over SARA

5Is and the Problem Analysis Triangle

5Is and other process models

5Is and the CPTED process

5Is and wider design processes