This page lists some selected references to the 5Is Framework.
Please contact with additional references, preferably with the full text or relevant extract.
Anderson, J. and McAtamney, A. (2011). Considering local context when evaluating a closed circuit television system in public spaces. Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice 314. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
Consultations and online discussion forum assessed through five key themes. structured around 5Is.
Anderson J. and Tresidder J. (2008). A review of the Western Australian community safety and crime prevention planning process: Final report. Canberra: AIC.
Describes application of 5Is in a pilot practice knowledge transfer framework in Western Australia.
Beccaria Programme on quality in crime prevention (2011).
Includes 5Is among tools.
Bullock, K. (2011). Responding to anti-social behaviour: Analysis, Interventions and the Transfer of Knowledge. Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal 13:1-15.
Describes analysis of case studies of projects tackling anti-social behaviour, submitted by practitioners to a UK Home Office website designed implicitly using the 5Is Framework.
Clancey, G. and Wilson, J. (2007). Induction Package for Crime Prevention Committees September 2007. Sydney: CHD Partners.
Uses 5Is within this package.
Clancey, G. (2011). Crime Prevention – Implementation and Evaluation.
Online guidance material for practitioners, using 5Is.
Clarke, R. and J. Eck (2003). Become a Problem Solving Crime Analyst in 55 Small Steps. London: Jill Dando Institute, University College London.
This principal exposition of the Problem-Oriented approach describes 5Is in the ’55 Steps’ version, and more briefly in the ’60 Steps’ version in various languages.
Cherney, A. (2006). Problem Solving for Crime Prevention. Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice 314. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
Describes 5Is in some detail as alternative problem-solving framework to SARA.
Cherney, A. and Head, B. (2010). ‘Evidence Based Policy and Practice: Key challenges for improvement.’ Australian Journal of Social Issues, 45: 510-526.
Refers to 5Is as improvement on SARA.
ICPC (2010). International Report: Crime Prevention and Community Safety: Trends and Perspectives 2010. Montreal: International Center for the Prevention of Crime.
P176 gives prominent mention of 5Is. Also available in French and Spanish.
Love, T. (2009). Complicated and Complex Crime Prevention and the 2 Feedback Loop Law.
Distinguishes complicated from complex crime prevention and claims 5Is (among other approaches) cannot handle problems involving two feedback loops.
Morgan, A., Boxall, H., Lindeman, K. and Anderson, J. (2012). Effective crime prevention interventions for implementation by local government. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
A large-scale systematic review of interventions to prevent a number of crime types identified as priority areas for local councils in New South Wales. Offences such as non-domestic violence related assault; break and enter; car theft; retail theft and malicious damage were reviewed against specific crime prevention methods. Uses the Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity to describe underlying intervention mechanisms.
Newton, A. (2022). Realistic Evaluation and the 5Is: A Systematic Approach for Evaluating Security Interventions. Ch 24 in M. Gill (Ed.), The Handbook of Security (3rd edition).
Abstract: ‘This chapter advocates for a greater uptake of two underused approaches in the security field, realistic evaluation and the 5Is framework, to support more robust and systematic approaches to evaluating security interventions. It contends that a combination of these two complimentary approaches affords a methodical approach to support the design of security interventions, enables a systematic approach for the evaluation of security interventions, offers a greater understanding by the mechanisms which a security intervention has or has not worked in a particular setting or place, facilitates replication and future adaption of security interventions in different contexts, and provides a user-friendly structure for disseminating and communicating the evaluation results of interventions to security practitioners. This chapter examines the strengths and limitations of each approach, the merits of combining the two, and uses a hypothetical scenario to guide the reader through how to carry out a combined realistic evaluation and 5Is evaluation of a security intervention.’
Nutley, S., I. Walter and H. Davies (2007). Using Evidence. How Research Can Inform Public Services. Bristol: The Policy Press.
Uses the 7Ks of crime knowledge which underly 5Is.
Office for Public Management (2009). Children’s Services Interventions: Evaluation. Research Report No DCSF-RR160. London: Department for Children, Schools and Families.
Used the 7Ks of crime knowledge which underlie 5Is – p10.
Rowe, E., Akman, T., Smith, R. and Tomison, A. (2013). Organised crime and public sector corruption: A crime scripts analysis of tactical displacement risks. Trends and Issues 444. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
Examines organised crime and corruption using crime scripts approach and considers practicalities of prevention using 5Is.
Sagant, V. (2006). ‘Au défi d’évaluer la prévention’ (The challenge of evaluating prevention). Economie & Humanisme, décembre: 68-72.
Cites 5Is in connection with capturing the complexity of crime prevention action.
Sidebottom, A. and Tilley, N. (2011). ‘Improving Problem-Oriented Policing: The need for a new model?’ Crime Prevention and Community Safety 13:79–101. doi:10.1057/cpcs.2010.21.
Reviews knowledge management frameworks for crime prevention (though arguably when they mention limited take-up of 5Is relative to SARA it takes no account of the vastly greater resources dedicated to latter). Includes a quote on 5Is from a focus group of POP practitioners (p234) “Getting over the initial hurdle is difficult but worth the ‘frown time.’”
Sutton, A., Cherney, A. and White, R. (2008). Crime Prevention: Principles, Perspectives and Practices. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.
Excellent textbook/introduction to crime prevention. 5Is described e.g. p28.
Swedish National Crime Prevention Council (2011). Samverkan i Lokalt Brottsförebyggande Arbete (Guidance for collaboration in local crime prevention work).
Draws on 5Is.
UN Office on Drugs and Crime (2019).
includes 5Is Framework in problem solving University-level module for crime prevention.